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Battery Care Tips

3 Steps To Get The Best Results From Your Infinitum Desulfator

1. Use The Desulfator As Soon As You Can & Do So Continuously

You will enjoy the best results in battery lifespan optimization the earlier you install the desulfator. So install your Infinitum desulfator as soon as you can. All batteries will eventually expire even with the use of desulfators, the difference with desulfators is that the lifespan of the battery would be optimized.

Prevention is always better than cure. Instead of waiting for your battery to show signs of a performance drop or even failure before you consider getting one or installing the desulfator that you already purchased.

The Infinitum Desulfator is designed to shatter the existing sulfate crystal build-up as well as to prevent its growth, so you should keep the desulfator installed throughout the lifespan of the battery to enjoy maximum results.

2. Use It Even For Aged Batteries

As batteries approach its end of life, the probability of optimization or recovery gets slimmer. Should you have a battery that is relatively aged and have yet to install a desulfator, we still recommend to start using it as there is still a chance of optimization or recovery. 

For faster results, install it on your battery with an external smart battery charger (with an amp rating that is recommended for your battery). The battery will take about 2 to 3 days to fully desulfate with a continuous charge. The process takes about 2 weeks for a vehicle that is driven daily or in a solar operation with at least 4 hours of good sun per day.

Since Infinitum Desulfators are robust and reusable, your purchase is never a waste as the same unit can be used on the next replacement battery and the next after that. We have users using the same desulfator for over 12 years, during which time, it would have optimized several batteries.

3. Keep The Battery Charged

All 12V batteries are charged at a higher voltage of up to 14V+. After each charge, the battery voltage will eventually rest at 12V. This is perfectly normal. As the battery ages or is sulfated the battery will lose its capacity to hold a charge which is indicated by a faster drop in voltage below 12V.

Infinitum Desulfators are designed with a unique automatic shut-off feature that activates at about 12.5V. So as the battery’s voltage drops to rest at 12V, the desulfator will eventually shut off. This is so that the desulfator will not draw needed power to crank the engine once the state of charge drops below that threshold.

So if you plan to leave your car parked for long periods of time, keep the battery charged so the desulfator continues working and your battery would be charged up and ready to crank up your engine when needed.

The good thing about our Desulfators is that the power draw is minuscule (less than 0.3W) but the pulse generated is sufficiently powerful to get the job done. Once the battery is brought back to its best possible condition, you will notice that your battery will be able to hold its charge for longer periods of time and it could take weeks before the battery’s voltage drops below that threshold of 12.5V. You will be able to notice this when the Desulfator is off. Click here to find out the working parameters of the Infinitum Desulfator’s LEDs

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Battery Care Tips

Don’t Drive Another Mile Until You Read These 4 Facts

# 1 You Are Very Likely A Victim Of Premature Battery Failure

Sulfation is the #1 cause of premature battery failure today, affecting more than 8 out of every 10 vehicles on the road today. 

​So what is sulfation? ​Sulfation is the formation of lead sulfate crystals that eventually kills a battery prematurely.

# 2 You Are Killing Your Batteries Simply By Parking It

Sulfation accumulates in a battery whenever a vehicle is parked and is dissolved back as usable active material essential to the battery lifespan whenever the battery is charged. How is this a problem?

Studies have shown that vehicles are parked much longer than they are driven as shown in the diagram below.

As vehicles are parked far longer than they are driven, sulfation would have more time to grow than to dissolve. Over time, the spongy sulfation crystallizes and can no longer dissolve which forms an insulating layer over the battery’s lead plates which essentially kills your battery before its time.

# 3 You’re Only Getting Half Of What You Paid For On Your Batteries

Sulfation can cut your battery’s lifespan by half. This means you have been needlessly ​bleeding money every single day, since you owned your first vehicle. 

# 4 There Is A Simple And Cost Effective Solution

Imagine how much you would save if you could double or even triple the lifespan of your batteries. But there is more. What if you could do that over and over again with just one solution, even when you replace your battery? How much that would save you now? Possibly hundreds if not thousands of your hard earned money!

12V Infinitum Desulfator

Sulfation can be reversed with the Infinitum Desulfator, restoring the condition of the battery and providing up to 3 times more battery life. This reusable technology will maintain and restore numerous batteries during its service life.

The Infinitum battery desulfator is the most robust battery life span optimizer in its class. Withstanding the harshest road or off-road condition you can throw at it. So durable you would only need to buy this once per vehicle. It is also a CE certified device, being totally safe to use and harmless to any electrical equipment on your bike regardless of make or model.

BENEFITS

  • Get 2 to 3 times more lifespan
  • Reusable technology saves not just one but many batteries throughout its service life
  • Reduce the frequency of battery changes
  • Recovers most dead batteries
  • Better performance
  • Better savings
  • 1-year warranty
  • CE certified
  • Works on all automotive, marine, solar batteries regardless of Ah rating or brand.​
Categories
Battery Care Tips

Battery Sulfation Accelerates In Warmer Conditions

The Awful Truth About What Summer Does To Your Batteries

Battery sulfation begins as soon as a lead-acid battery discharges. This occurs as soon as the battery is no longer being charged whether or not the battery is being used:

  • Parasitic load: Power is used from the battery to power up appliances such as a clock, radio station presets, security system, etc.
  • Self discharge: All lead-acid batteries and the like will discharge as soon as they are no longer charged even if there is no power usage.

Self Discharge is Accelerated by Temperature
For batteries that are over 25°C (77°F), the self-discharge rate doubles with every 10°C (18°F) rise in temperature.

Thus, sulfation can be a huge problem for lead-acid batteries which are:

  • not being used,
  • sitting on a dealer’s shelf, or
  • in a parked vehicle, especially in hot temperatures.

Battery Tips

  • Park in a shaded area or basement parking In hot tropical climates or during summer.
  • Use the Infinitum Battery Desulfator to remove the accumulation of sulfate crystals. 

The Awful Truth About What Summer Does To Your Batteries

Sulfation is the formation of spongy lead sulfate within batteries during discharge which are converted back to lead and active material in the regular charge cycle.

How is that a problem?
As most batteries are charged only a fraction of the time than it is discharged, the formation of spongy lead sulfate accumulate more than it has a change to be converted back into usable lead.

Over time, the spongy lead sulfate harden, forming crystals and can no longer be converted back to lead even with constant charging.

What is the solution?
Using desulfators will shatter the hardened lead sulfate crystals and dissolve the active material back into the battery electrolyte (the liquid solution in the battery). 

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Battery Care Tips

How Long Can I Park My Vehicle?

The amount of time, usually referred to as “airport”, “garage”, or “storage” time, that you can leave your vehicle parked and still start your engine is dependent on such things as the battery’s initial State-of-Charge (SoC), the Reserve Capacity (or amp-hour capacity), the amount of natural self-discharge and parasitic (ignition key off) load, temperature and battery type (plate chemistry). 

When a battery drops below 100% State of Charge, sulfation starts slowly occurring, and this will reduce the capacity of the battery and if left unchecked, will kill the battery prematurely.

Car manufacturers normally design for at least 14 days or more “airport” time; based on a fully charged battery in good condition, moderate weather, and no additions to the original car’s parasitic load (for example, an aftermarket alarm system). The number of days will vary based on the temperature. When a battery drops below 100% SoC, sulfation starts slowly occurring, and this will reduce the capacity of the battery and if left unchecked, will kill the battery.

If you leave your vehicle parked for more than two weeks, then you have several options:

  • The best long term (over one month) option is to continuously float charge your car battery by connecting a “smart” battery charger or a voltage regulated float charger because it will keep the battery fully charged, thus eliminating sulfation. If there is no AC power available, use a five watt (or greater) solar float charger. These options will allow you to park you vehicle indefinitely, but the battery should be checked periodically. You will need a “float” charging voltage between 13.2 and 13.8 VDC at 80° F (26.7° C) and at least 0.5 amps (500 milliamps) to overcome the vehicle’s parasitic load and the natural self-discharge of the battery. Do not use a cheap “trickle” charger, because it will overcharge your battery and dry out the electrolyte.
  • Disconnect the grounded battery cable (which is normally the NEGATIVE (-) cable) to remove the parasitic load, but be sure that you have saved any security codes or radio stations presets that will have to be reprogrammed, but the battery’s natural self-discharge will continue. This option will work from one month to six months depending battery type and temperature.
  • Replace the battery with the largest AGM (Ca/Ca) or Spiral Wound AGM VRLA battery that will fit, e.g., an Optima or Exide Select Orbital, with very low self-discharge rates. For periods greater than two months, also disconnect the grounded battery cable to remove the parasitic load. This option will work for six months to twelve months depending on battery type and temperature.
  • Install a battery with a larger reserve capacity or connect an identical battery in parallel, but the battery’s natural self-discharge will continue. For periods greater than two months, also disconnect the grounded battery cable to remove the parasitic load. This option will work for two months to twelve months depending battery type and temperature.
  • Replace the battery when you are ready to drive the vehicle again, especially if the battery is over three years old and in a hot climate.
  • Have someone drive your car during the day at highway speeds every two weeks for at least 15 minutes to keep the battery charged.
  • Jump start the battery and hope that there is no latent damage.
  • Install a low voltage disconnect. This is especially helpful if the driver forgets to turn the headlights off.

Source: http://jgdarden.com/batteryfaq. Image by redeyesatdawn

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Battery Care Tips

Why You Shouldn’t Use Edta Based Desulphator Additives

Most lead-acid battery additives contain EDTA, or ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid has always been known to dissolve the lead sulfate layer on the plates. There are, however, two downsides to this:

  • EDTA usually comes in powder form, or as a solution. With manufacturers tending to favour sealed maintenance-free type batteries, there is no chance to introduce EDTA to the battery in the first place.
  • EDTA works by forming a complex compound with the lead sulfate layer on the plates. While this removes the insulating layer, the active material that had formed lead sulfate will not be reconverted once the battery is charged. In principle, the insulating layer of lead sulfate is removed; but active material, needed for an efficient battery, is sacrificed in the process.

EDTA reacts with the lead sulfate to form the complex compound above. The plates are cleaned, but active material is not returned to the battery.

The complex compound formed by breaking the lead sulfate bond.

Battery life is only extended temporarily with the removal of the lead sulfate crystals and increase of reaction surface area, but the lifespan of the battery cannot be maximized where active material is not returned to the battery.

Our Infinitum Battery Desulfators however, use a different process which generates Amplitude Modulated Pulses at the resonance frequency of the crystals to shatter the covalent bonds that hold it together. This allows the lead sulfate to be reconverted once the battery is charged. A battery free from lead sulfate crystals will have its lifespan stretched to its maximum! No more premature failure due to sulfation!

Why Desulfators Are Better Than Battery Additives?

  • A reusable technology, made to last and to be reused over and over again – you’ll only need to buy it once.
  • A better technology, a true life span optimization and not a temporal one.
  • It is cheaper to buy with no maintenance needed.
  • It’s easier to use – simply install it and you’re done!
  • It’s safer, no contact with caustic chemicals.
Categories
Battery Care Tips Dead Battery Recovery

Why Some Batteries Are Unrecoverable

On very rare occasions, we do receive feedback from our customers that they’re unable to recover their batteries even when using our Infinitum Desulfators. In most cases, the battery is simply too old and unrecoverable*. There are also those who cannot desulfate their batteries because an inadequate rated Amp charger was used. Some very sulfated batteries will require a higher Amp charger to ‘force’ a charge into the battery. This is because the high buildup of lead sulfate crystals on the battery plates, builds an insulating barrier preventing the charge to occur.

How you can recover ‘stubborn’ batteries:

CAUTION: This form of battery reconditioning should only be done by a professional as the battery should be monitored and if done incorrectly, the battery may overheat and explode.

  1. Batteries should be charged by correctly Amp rated charges. For example, an 80Ah rated battery should be charged with an 8 Amp charger.
  2. For a heavily sulfated battery, a slightly higher Amp rated battery would be required. The increase in the amp of the charger should be incremental until the battery receives a charge.
  3. There should not be too much gassing and it should not overheat (too hot to the touch).
  4. Use a battery tester (which is available from us), that measures CCA (Cold Cranking Amps) and Ohms (impedance). CCA: Measures the ability of a battery to start an engine. You should see an increase in the CCA reading. Ohms: As the desulfator removes the lead sulfate crystal layer build-up, more of the lead plates will be exposed, reducing the impedance within the battery.

It is important to know that desulfators work to recover batteries from sulfation but not the loss of active material that occurs through ageing. The above mentioned charging method will only be successful for batteries that are relatively new with some active material still left in it. A battery with a desulfator installed from day one will still eventually expire due to ageing which also means the depletion of active material within the battery. The difference with a desulfator is that you get a battery with its life span optimized up to 2 to 3 times.

This article has been selected or written for the benefit of our customers and visitors. Information found in these articles are of general nature and can not be applied universally. For this reason, we strongly advise anyone seeking advice or information to find a professional who can assist with your specific situation.


Image by Charles Williams

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Battery Care Tips

Reviving Maintenance-free Calcium Batteries

Over the years, calcium has been added to lead plates to improve grid strength and conductivity and reduce gassing and its self-discharge rate. With this, the low-maintenance or maintenance-free battery was introduced. However, the alloy plate still consists of more than 99% lead. Whether the battery is calcium-calcium, calcium-silver, lead-calcium, or lead-antimony, it is still essentially a lead-acid battery and suffers premature failure from sulfation just like any other lead-acid battery. The Infinitum Desulfator reverses and prevents sulfation, typically restoring batteries to the best possible condition, maximizing its life span up to 3 times.

An excerpt from Popular Mechanics:

HOW IT WORKS: MAINTENANCE-FREE BATTERIES

Like many things in life, the term “maintenance-free” is only partially true. Lead-acid batteries normally consume some of the water in their dilute sulfuric acid electrolyte during a normal charge-discharge cycle. It actually electrolyzes into hydrogen and oxygen and escapes as gas. So adding water periodically is necessary to keep the plates flooded. Maintenance-free batteries use a calcium alloy of lead instead of an antimony alloy, which reduces the amount of electrolysis.

In addition, the amount of free-standing electrolyte above the plates is designed to be much higher in a new maintenance-free battery. This means that there’s enough electrolyte to keep the plates covered even after a few seasons of normal use. So, during the battery’s normal service life there should be no need to add water. Any abnormal electrical system condition or high ambient temperatures may boil off more than the normal amount of water, however. Adding water may extend the service life of these supposedly maintenance-free batteries.

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Battery Care Tips

Basic Care For Longer Lasting Batteries

Besides the degenerative process of sulfation which occurs on 84% of lead-acid batteries, there are other contributing factors you should know when buying a battery as well as maintaining one that directly affects the lifespan of your battery.

1. Regular care for wet batteries

  • Refilling of battery water. Only distilled (or battery water) should be used.
  • Never let the level of your battery water to go below the lead plates, they should always remain submerged but never overfill them.

2. Regular use

  • When a car battery is left in a state of discharge for too long the process of sulfation (which destroys your battery) increases.
  • What this means is that a battery’s life is kept to an optimum when charged regularly and with the use of a Desulfator.
  • If you are going to leave a car unused or battery uncharged for long periods of time do invest in a battery charger with a trickle charge function. The trickle charge function will ensure that your batteries are not overcharged.

3. The age of the battery when you bought it

  • Some batteries can be bought new from the shelf but it may have been sitting there for months. That’s why most shops will keep their new batteries in the back and sell off their older ones first.
  • The reason for this – Sulfation occurs once a battery is filled with electrolyte (acid)
  • Solution? Always request for the newest batteries available or find out when a battery was delivered to the store.

4. Batteries generally last longer when kept cool

  • For tropical climates or in summer, if you have parked your car most of the time in basement car parks or shaded areas where the temperature is cool, then you would get a longer-lasting battery. Sulfation increases with temperature.
  • For temperate climates, it is essential to winterize your batteries.

5. Ensure that the battery is tightly secured

  • When installing a battery, ensure that it is tightly secured as this reduces the stress on the battery from excessive vibration within the engine compartment.
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Battery Care Tips

4 Ways How Lead Acid Batteries Are Damaged

#1 Leaving A 12v Battery To Discharge Below 10.5V

Auto start batteries are not made to be discharge below 10.5 volts. If this happens the lead sulfateformed on discharge will expand across the plates and separators and short the battery. The voltage across the terminals will measure 10.5 volts. This battery is dead and is not restorable.

The solution is simple, if you are not planning to drive your vehicle for a couple of days or weeks, make sure you charge the battery with an external charger regularly. This will dissolve the formation of sulfate as usable active material. Studies have shown however that cars are parked 95% of the time, the sulfation that is formed will crystalize and cannot be dissolved even with charging unless you use a desulfator.

SOLUTION: Charge often and use a desulfator that can potentially double battery lifespan

#2 Shocks Or Dropping The Battery

Shocks and dropping of the battery will result in active material being shedded from the plates. This leads to reduced capacity and the loose deposits can lead to a short if lodged across the plates, or if a connection across the plates is created at the bottom of the battery. These batteries are not considered for restoration.

SOLUTION: Handle batteries with care.

#3 The Forming Of Air Pockets Between Lead Plates

Air pockets form between the plates and if not dislodge that part of the plates is effectively rendered useless. Nothing can be done about this except to say that good grid design and quality separators will prevent this from happening. This is why cheap batteries don’t last, in addition to shedding of active material above.

SOLUTION: We all know the idiom – “Penny wise and pound foolish”. Sometimes investing a little more in quality goes a very long way in savings.

#4 Electrolyte Falling Below The Permitted Threshold

If the electrolyte level falls too low the lead plates will oxidise with the air. This is lead oxide and not lead dioxide. The battery loses capacity. Always keep the battery top up with distilled water. Do not add acid or tap water. The fluoride and other chemicals reacts with the spongy lead and renders it useless. Shorting a battery can lead to a gas explosion in the battery. 

SOLUTION: For wet cell batteries, always keep the electrolyte topped up with battery water.


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